Heel pain can disrupt your daily life; especially if you have a busy, active life. Fortunately, there are ways to treat heel pain.

The heel bone is the largest bone in our foot with tens of bones, joints, and tendons, muscles and ligaments over the face. The heel bone is the bone in contact with the ground at the time of walking, and the weight of the shock absorption caused by this contact as well as all the weight that it takes upon movement is loaded.

Heel pain is more common than you think; One in 10 people have long-lasting heel pain at least once in your life. However, it is more common in middle-aged people who have an active lifestyle and who have a lot of standing. Mostly heel pain is caused by damage to the plantar fascia, the connective tissue connecting the heel bone to the other bones in the foot. When the plantar fascia is under pressure, it becomes weak, swollen, or inflamed, causing pain in the heel when standing or walking.

What are the causes of heel pain?

Heel pain may occur in the anterior, posterior or lower part of the heel and is a type of pain that gradually deteriorates over time. Pain in heel pain is usually in one leg and heel pain is felt with the use of the foot. However, in one-third of patients, heel pain is observed in both feet.

The most obvious symptoms of heel pain are the aggravation of pain during the morning, when getting up from bed or from where you sit, and decreasing during walking. Pain is intensely felt when you stand up after a period of inactivity. Although walking may relieve pain, long walks or standing for long periods of time will cause pain to worsen again.

There may be many causes of heel pain. Often due to press / walking disturbances, excessive pressure on the heel bone and the soft tissues attached to it are the main reasons. The cause of the pressure may be injury or injury caused by walking, running or jumping on a hard floor. Improper shoe selections such as overweight or cheap slippers can also increase the load on the heel.

Headache and pain, as well as redness, swelling, warming, inflammation symptoms do not pass for a long time and these symptoms are blocking daily activities should be examined by an orthopedic and traumatologist.



The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, heel membrane disease. The plantar fascia, located at the base of the foot, is the inflammation, damage and thickening of the flexible tissue band that connects the heel to the front of the foot. This band supports the foot belt at the foot floor and helps to walk. This disorder is called plantar fasciitis. When too much pressure is applied to the feet, the ligaments wear out and become hardened.

Plantar fasciitis is usually associated with another top heel spur dik.

Overweight people, obese, in the last period of pregnancy, long-distance runners, factory or restaurant, such as those who need to work for a long time to work in the risk of seeing plantar fasciitis is high. Between 40 and 70 years of age, people with a mobile lifestyle are more likely to be seen.

This complaint is also likely to occur in people with foot problems, such as a high foot arch or flat foot. In addition, bad shoe selections can also adversely affect the ties around the heel.

The main symptom of plantar fasciitis is pain in the lower part of the heel. Pain usually gets up from bed in the morning, or rests for a while, when you get up after sitting, it is severe. Stairs due to hardness of the heel is very difficult to exit.


Under the heel bone, a bone-like protrusion is called heel spurs. This bone-like protrusion, also seen in the x-ray, is in fact not related to bone growth. The heel spur is formed by the accumulation of calcium deposits in the lower part of the heel bone due to the strain and wear of the muscles and ligaments in the foot.

Pain in the heel spine is described by the patients as a sinking to the heel Top. It is common among athletes who run too much or jump. Heel spurs may occur due to shoes that do not fit his feet, biochemical imbalance in the body, obesity and regular running.


When we walk on the ground first contact our heel. The weight starts from the outer side of the foot and is distributed evenly towards the thumb. When stepping, the foot / arch rises and the foot completes the upward and outward movement in order to move the body forward.

In increased pronation, the foot soles are more inward than normal. Feet and ankles have difficulty in balancing the body. The foot gets up from the ground with the thumb and the second finger. This may cause unusual tension and withdrawal of the ligaments and tendons in the heel bone. Increased pronation is one of the most common causes of heel pain.


Achilles tendinitis causes pain in the back of the heel or wrist. It occurs as a result of inflammation of the Achilles tendon extending from the wrist to the heel bone. People who are jogging, walking, standing for a long time or with short tendons are more common because of the excessive load on the tendon.


Other types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory rheumatism) and gout
Bursitis (inflammation of the vesicles in the joints)
Haglund’s disease
Heel Pain Treatment
Generally for the treatment of heel pain

The heel pain usually manifests itself directly under or behind the heel. However, this pain may not last all day. Sometimes it only manifests itself in certain movements; Like climbing stairs or standing at your fingertips. Night sleep can be felt when you take your first steps. This pain may persist throughout the day or may persist for a long time or after exercise.

Unbalanced Walk
Heel pain is felt on both heels rather than just a heel. Have you noticed a change in the way you walk? Maybe you’re trying not to give your weight down on one foot, so that it doesn’t hurt. While this may alleviate the pain, it is important to examine your reason for changing your walk. As a result, your feet are tied to your legs and back, and an unnatural form of walking can have adverse effects on other parts of the body.

Tired Feet
Tired feet may not be a direct sign of heel pain, but may be an indication that you are putting too much pressure on your feet, which can cause heel pain over time. So even if you feel only hardness after a long working day on your foot, you can take some of the preventive measures listed below to be able to walk comfortably for many years.

Take Steps to Treat and Prevent Heel Pain:
If the heel pain is diagnosed early, it can be treated and mostly completely healed. Even if you don’t have a mild illness in the night, you can walk and even run again with a little patience and a few simple treatment techniques.

To Treat Heel Pain:
As with other parts of the body, resting is essential for healing. Try to minimize your time during the day and raise your feet up in the evening; you can watch a favorite movie again! Some experts also recommend putting ice to relieve pain.

the Stretch
Getting to and from work every day may not sound like exercise, but it is important to stretch out before you start your day-to-day activities. The exercises that will stretch your calves and the area under your feet will allow you to warm up, increase your flexibility and accelerate healing.

To Prevent Heel Pain:
You may not feel a discomfort right now, but heel pain can occur at any moment; therefore it is important to be prepared to avoid any problems in the future.

Don’t give up support
It is important to enter shoes supporting your foot well; they prevent pressure and soften the impacts during your foot contact with the ground. It is a good idea to change your shoes on a regular basis, and you should avoid completely flat shoes with no heel support.

Use Insoles for Additional Support
It is important that your feet have support throughout the day. While you are dealing with everyday activities, Scholl GelActiv Daily Insoles offer excellent gel comfort throughout your day. If you are working, you can use the Scholl GelActiv Workbenches, which are specially designed to provide long-term support, so that you can end the day of work. Keep in mind; Ask your doctor if you are worried that your heel pain will become severe.

Lighten your feet
Imagine how far your feet are taking you a year. Our foot cavity per mile we carry carries loads between 90 and 140 pounds. We can prevent the risk of heel pain by minimizing the pressure we apply to our feet. This means maintaining our healthy weight by living an active life and eating a healthy, balanced diet. You can also reduce the load you carry with you every day.

Categories: orthopedia

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